オオニシ ジュンジ  onishi junji
大西 淳之

  • 所属   東京家政大学  家政学部 栄養学科
  •     東京家政大学大学院  人間生活学総合研究科 健康栄養学専攻
  •     東京家政大学大学院  人間生活学総合研究科 人間生活学専攻
  •     東京家政大学短期大学部  短期大学部 栄養科
  • 職種   教授
論文種別 原著
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読あり
表題 Mucin 3 is involved in intestinal epithelial cell apoptosis via N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-L-hohserine lactone-induced suppression of Akt phophorylation.
掲載誌名 正式名:American Journal of Physiology. Cell physiology
略  称:Am J Physiol Cell Physiol
ISSNコード:03636143/15221563
掲載区分国外
巻・号・頁 307(2),pp.162-168
著者・共著者 ◎Taguchi R, Tanaka S, Joe G-H, Maseda H, Nomura N, Ohnishi J, Ishizuka S, Shimizu H, Miyazaki H
発行年月 2014/05
概要 N-acyl-homoserine lactones (AHL) are quorum-sensing molecules in bacteria that play important roles in regulating virulence gene expression in pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The present study compared responses between undifferentiated and differentiated Caco-2 cells to N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone (3-oxo-C12-HSL). A low concentration of 3-oxo-C12-HSL (30 μM) is sufficient to reduce viability accompanied by apoptosis via the suppression of phosphorylation by Akt in undifferentiated Caco-2 cells. The suppression of Akt phosphorylation appears specific in 3-oxo-C12-HSL, because other AHLs did not influence the phosphorylation status of Akt. The reduced viability induced by 3-oxo-C12-HSL was partially recovered by constitutively active Akt overexpression in undifferentiated Caco-2 cells. Since mucin is considered a vital component of the gut barrier, we investigated whether mucin protects cellular functions induced by 3-oxo-C12-HSL in undifferentiated Caco-2 cells. The results showed that mucin protected undifferentiated Caco-2 cells from apoptosis induced by 3-oxo-C12-HSL. 3-Oxo-C12-HSL did not induce cell death in differentiated Caco-2 cells that expressed higher levels of mucin 3 (MUC3) than undifferentiated Caco-2 cells. In addition, 3-oxo-C12-HSL promoted cell death in undifferentiated Caco-2 cells transfected with MUC3 siRNA and reduced MUC3 expression in undifferentiated Caco-2 cells. Therefore, MUC3 might be responsible for the survival of undifferentiated intestinal epithelial cells in the presence of 3-oxo-C12-HSL through regulating Akt phosphorylation. In conclusion, 3-oxo-C12-HSL might influence the survival of undifferentiated intestinal epithelial cells as well as interactions between these cells and pathogens.