オオニシ ジュンジ  onishi junji
大西 淳之

  • 所属   東京家政大学  家政学部 栄養学科
  •     東京家政大学大学院  人間生活学総合研究科 健康栄養学専攻
  •     東京家政大学大学院  人間生活学総合研究科 人間生活学専攻
  •     東京家政大学短期大学部  短期大学部 栄養科
  • 職種   教授
論文種別 総説
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読あり
招待の有無 招待あり
表題 Mind-body medicine: Effect of the mind on gene expression.
掲載誌名 正式名:Personalized Medicine Universe
巻・号・頁 1(1),pp.2-6
著者・共著者 ◎Takimoto-Ohnishi E, Ohnishi J, Murakami K
担当区分 2nd著者
発行年月 2012/07
概要 Positive emotions via laughter or meditation contribute to physiological and psychological health. In this review, we summarize how positive emotions affect gene expression in humans and an animal model.

Our first studies demonstrated that mirthful laughter reduced a postprandial elevation in blood glucose levels in type II diabetes patients and increased the expression of genes related to natural killer cell activity. Furthermore, laughter decreased the plasma prorenin level, a marker for the progression of diabetic complications, and normalized the expression level of the prorenin receptor gene in peripheral blood leukocytes. These findings suggest a preventive effect of laughter on the exacerbation of diabetic conditions, which is accompanied by changes in the expression of discriminating genes.

Our next study examined the effects of tactile stimulation (tickling) on socially isolated adolescent rats. Evoking positive emotions by tickling influenced neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus and altered the expression of genes related to feeding regulation, blood pressure control, and biological rhythms in the corpus striatum and hypothalamus. Thus, positive emotions via tickling can regulate gene expression in the rat brain in a site-specific manner.

Lastly, we review the relevant research of other groups. Meditation, a widely known healing technique, altered the expression of genes associated with cellular metabolism and oxidative stress responses, suggesting the inhibition of cell injury due to chronic stress.

Mind-body medicine potentially elicits positive emotions affecting gene expression.
DOI doi:10.1016/j.pmu.2012.05.001