オオニシ ジュンジ  onishi junji
大西 淳之

  • 所属   東京家政大学  家政学部 栄養学科
  •     東京家政大学大学院  人間生活学総合研究科 健康栄養学専攻
  •     東京家政大学大学院  人間生活学総合研究科 人間生活学専攻
  •     東京家政大学短期大学部  短期大学部 栄養科
  • 職種   教授
論文種別 原著
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読あり
表題 Cloning and characterization of a rat ortholog of matrix metalloproteinase-23 (MMP-23), a unique type of membrane anchored matrix metalloproteinase and
conditioned switching of its expression during the ovarian follicular development.
掲載誌名 正式名:Molecular endocrinology (Baltimore, Md.)
略  称:Mol Endocrinol
ISSNコード:08888809
掲載区分国外
巻・号・頁 15(5),pp.747-764
著者・共著者 ◎Ohnishi J, Ohnishi E, Jin M, Hirano W, Nakane D, Matsui H, Kimura A, Sawa H, Nakayama K, Shibuya H, Nagashima K, Takahashi T.
担当区分 筆頭著者,責任著者
発行年月 2001/05
概要 In our attempt to study the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the process of mammalian ovulation, we isolated a rat ortholog of the recently reported human MMP-23 from gonadotropin-primed immature rat ovaries. Transient expression of epitope-tagged rat and human MMP-23 in COS-1 cells revealed that they were synthesized as a membrane-anchored glycoprotein with type II topology. Indirect immunofluorescent analysis showed that subcellular localization of MMP-23 was predominantly in the perinuclear regions. The transfected human MMP-23 protein was processed endogenously to the soluble form in COS-1 cells. However, cotransfection of MMP-23 with the mouse furin cDNA did not enhance this processing, indicating that furin may not be involved in this event. Notably, in situ hybridization analysis revealed a dramatic switching of MMP-23 mRNA localization from granulosa cells to theca-externa/fibroblasts and ovarian surface epithelium during the follicular development. In serum-free primary culture of rat granulosa cells, a drastic diminution of MMP-23 mRNA expression was observed in response to FSH action between 24 h and 48 h of culture. The observed effect of FSH on MMP-23 expression was mimicked by treatment of granulosa cells with forskolin or 8-bromo (Br)-cAMP. In contrast, MMP-23 mRNA levels increased in theca-interstitial cells regardless of the presence of LH in the culture. However, treatment of theca-interstitial cells with forskolin or 8-Br-cAMP markedly reduced the expression of MMP-23 with a concomitant increase in progesterone production. These results indicate that the MMP-23 gene is spatially and temporally regulated in a cell type-specific manner in ovary via the cAMP signaling pathway.